Reflection is a structured opportunity for participants to critically think about their service experiences. It is a vital to incorporate reflection in order to allow participants to get the most out of their service. Reflection should be an ongoing part of the service experience and be included before, during, and after the project. There are various types of reflection activites but they all share the same objective: to prompt deep thinking and analysis in regards to the service and oneself. Below are resources to teach you more about reflection and make it easy for you to incorporate it into your service!

Methods of Reflection:

Reflection Methods: Write, Read, Tell, Do  This resource, provided by the National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC), includes reflection methods for everyone whether you like to write, read, tell, or do. 

Reflection Methods for Every Learning Style TThis resource, adapted from a publication by Youth Service California, allows you to determine your (or your students') learning style(s) and provides reflection methods tailored for each of the seven different learning styles. 

Reflection Methods for Service-Learning This site, managed by the University of Minnesota, provides reflection methods that are applicable for those integrating reflection through service-learning.


Reflection Activities:

Reflection Activities for K-12 by Grade Levels This resource, provided by RMC Research Corporation, includes a variety of reflection activities that are marked to be for either K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12. The full version also includes a brief summary of research and theory about reflection and  resources for additional ideas. 

Reflection Activities: 15 Seconds to 2 Hours This toolkit, provided by the Northwest Service Academy, includes a collection of reflection activities, separated by the amount of time required. The activities range from fifteen seconds to two hours, allowing you to incorporate reflection regardless of the amount of time you have available. It also has basic information about reflection and tips for success when designing or facilitating a reflection activity.

Reflection Activities, Teambuilding Exercises, and More  This resource, developed by Grand Valley State University Alternative Breaks, includes not only reflection activities but also team building exercises, icebreakers, energizers, and cheesy road trip games.

More Reflection Activities  These activities from the LEAGUE Michigan, which serves K-12 students, are great for people of all ages.

Even More Reflection Activities  Reflection activities provided by Butler University.

Reflection Questions:

Below are links to reflection questions that can be incorporated during various reflection activites such as group discussions and journaling.

Reflection Questions by Type This resource from the National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC) includes journalistic questions, questions to encourage critical thinking, questions that encourage symbolic thinking, questions to help process emotions, and extension questions. It also has a list of reflection methods.

Reflection Questions: What, So What? Now What? Model This resource from the National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC) provides questions that help guide you through the reflection process, from observation to synthesis.

Reflection Questions: Progressing from Lower-Level to Higher-Level Thinking This resource from the National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC) provides a progression of questions for reflection based on Bloom's Taxonomy (a ranking of our different levels of thinking) that make participants think on more than one level of thinking and by doing so deepen their understanding and involvement. 

Reflection Questions for Journals This document, adapted from a publication by Youth Service California, provides questions to structure journaling in order to increase the learning that occurs when journaling is used as a reflection method.

How to Facilitate Effective Reflection:

Best Practices for Reflection This resource, adapted from a publication by RMC Research Corporation, outlines 7 best practices that should be implemented to achieve effective reflection.

Facilitating Reflection: A Manual for Leaders and Educators  This manual, from the John Dewey Project on Progressive Education, guides you through how to facilitate reflection and also contains a basic overview of reflection and its importance, reflection questions, reflection activities, reflection methods. It is useful for anyone who is facilitating reflection or wants more information about reflection--K-12 teachers, college professors, student organization leaders, and community organization leaders alike!

Tips for Facilitating Reflection General tips for facilitating reflection provided by Butler University.

How to Design Effective Reflection There are six principles Campus Compact reccommends following in order to enhange both the quality of service as well as the quality of learning through reflection. These principles are written for a service-learning audience, however, their application is beneficial to any reflection process.

Strategies for Structuring an Effective Reflection Process Campus Compact provides a process that can be followed to structure the reflection process.